최종수정일 2002년 07월 31일









 CQ : 40      ITU : 18





 QSL Bureau

 Norsk Radio Relae Liga, Box 20, Haugenstua, N-0915 Oslo   NORWAY




 얀마웬섬  <Jan Mayen I.>


북극해의 그린란드해(海)에 있는 노르웨이(LA)의 섬이며 1607년 영국의 항해자 허드슨이 발견했고, 14년 이곳에 고래잡이 기지를 설치한 네덜란드인 선장 얀 마웬의 이름을 따서 명명되었다.

1929년 노르웨이 영토가 되었으며 기상관측소가 되었다.  


 Jan Mayen

 Jan Mayen is located 71°N 8°W 600km Northeast of Iceland and 500 km East of Greenland in the Arctic Sea. The island is about 54 km long and 15 km wide and its area is 373 square km. Highest elevation is the volcano Beerenberg (Haakon VII Toppen) with 2277m a.s.l. The first known eruption was in 1732 and five more until 1985. Jan Mayen is the northernmost island with active volcano(es). There is a constant threat of earthquakes, the intersection of the North American Plate und the Eurasian Plate is only 170km away. There are no indigenous inhabitants linving there only the personnel who operates the weather station. The climate is not nice at all, clear days are rare, foggy days or storms are occuring more often. Temperatures range from -32°C in December to +10°C in July. Some arctic foxes are living on the islands, polar beers are usually not found and there are no other plants than moss and grass.

The island was first sighted in 1607 by Henry Hudson, who called it Hudson's Tutches. Other sources say the first discoverer was the Dutch Jan Mayen also in 1607. The Dutch set up a whaling base, but in 1642 the whales had been exterminated in this part of the world. During the first International Polar Year (1882-83) an Austrian weather station was build. In 1921 Norway built a meterological observatory and annexed Jan Mayen on May 8. An airfield was built by the NATO in 1958/59.

Amateur radio: Prefix JX, DXCC entity, WAZ zone 40, ITU zone 18, UTC -1h, IOTA EU-022. From time to time some radio amateurs are on duty with the weather station e.g. JX7DFA.

 <DX-NL 1237 - March 26, 2001>






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